Tag Archives: configuration management

What vSphere configuration can you track?

With vRealize Operations 6, VMware has added Configuration Management capability to the core platform. I covered some of them here. My advice is to use the integrated vRealize Operations to do your configuration management. If there are items that cannot be covered, then you review the classic vRealize Configuration Management. It provides a much broader set of properties that can be tracked.

How do you know what it can track? It’s all listed in the manual 🙂

Open the online manual. You will get a screenshot like below.

10

Expand the table of contents until you see vCenter. In the screen below, I’ve expanded it. As you can see, what you can track in vCenter is also listed in the content area.

VCM can track VM, Host, Cluster, Datastore, Folder, Network, and vCenter itself.

Let’s say you want to see what VM properties you can track. Expand the vCenter Guests. vCenter Guest is VM. As you can see below, there are many properties of a VM that you can track.

11 VM

Let’s see some of them. Expand the Guest Summary, and the content will be shown on the right portion of screen. Now, to see the actual properties, you need to click the “View the columns and descriptions” link. I’ve marked it with a large number 2. It will expand, and show you all the properties, together with their description.

12 VM

It’s a pretty long list, so you need to scroll to see the complete list.

13 VM

A VM has many properties. What if you want to see the Networking properties? Click on the vCenter Guest Network link. Again, don’t forget to expand (see the large number 2).

14 VM - network

The above is for VM. What about other objects? Where is Cluster, Folder, Data Center, for example?

Well, they are a part of vCenter Inventory, so that’s where you find them. See screenshot below. Again, don’t forget to click the link to expand 🙂

15 Cluster - it is under Inventory

That’s it. Hope you find it useful.

vRealize Operations 6: Configuration Management

A much welcomed enhancement in vRealize Operations 6 is on the area of Configuration Management. This is part of an on-going effort to bring the VCM functionalities into the vRealize Operations platform. vR Ops does not have the full VCM capability. It focuses on the vSphere environment. So no Guest OS level configuration management.

There are 3 default dashboards, which comes with the standard installation. You can customise it, which I will show in this blog. The first dashboard shows the VM configuration, shown below:

VM

The above dashboard is actually pretty long; notice the scroll bar. The second dashboard shows the ESXi configuration, shown below:

ESXi

You can configure the date rate. In the above screenshot, I’ve selected the date range from one of the widget. The 3rd dashboard covers the Cluster, shown below:

Cluster

Ok, it only has 4 widgets, while my screen is a full HD resolution. So let’s go and customise it. I will add another widget. I’m curious to know which of my ESXi does not have MS AD authentication configured. I will add a widget that shows the distribution.

The first step is to go and edit the dashboard. A large dialog box, shown below, pops up. As you can see, having a full HD screen helps 🙂

Cluster 2

From the Widget List area, I chose a View widget. A blank View widget is shown below

Cluster 3

From here, I can actually use an existing View, as you can see from the screenshot below. However, I want to show that you can create your own. I clicked the green + icon.

Cluster 4

The View dialog box below popped up, guiding me in the View creation. I’ve named is “Host AD Integration”

Cluster 5

I clicked Step 2, and chose Distribution. I selected Pie Chart as I wanted to see ratio. I chose “Discrete” as the distribution.

Cluster 6

I moved on to Step 3. I chose Host since I want to display how many hosts do not have the AD authentication.

Cluster 7

In Step 4, I saw the familiar metric groups. Now, this is where the new feature comes in. Remember that most of these metrics are about performance counter. They are not about configuration. So how do we show the configuration metrics? Can you notice something new on the screen?

Cluster 8

Yes, there is that little button. I showed it below, highlighted with an arrow (my drawing is bad, using Windows Snipping Tool). I clicked on it, and voila, the metric group changes! Now you see a lot of things that are configuration related! I have selected the AD authentication metric, as you can see the line is highlighted.

Cluster 9

From here, it’s about configuring a View widget as usual. So let’s just proceed and complete it.

I chose the “Preview Source”. The dialog box below popped up, allowing me to choose. I chose the World object as I wanted to see across vCenter Servers. You can choose a specific cluster if you want it too.

Cluster 91

I closed the dialog box, and you can see below I got the preview already. You can click on the refresh icon on the top corner, as highlighted below.

Cluster 92

We are basically done configuring the View object, now we need to add it back to the Dashboard. I closed the wizard, and got the following screen. You can see my newly created View has been added to the View repository. This will enable other users to use it. Nice!

Cluster 93

Before you the Save button, do not forget to choose the “Self Provider’ radio button, as shown below. This means this widget is not getting its value defined by other Widget. Another word, no interaction required.

Cluster 94

I saved the dialog box, and was taken back to the Dashboard edit wizard. The new View widget is now showing properly.

Cluster 95

At this junction, it’s a matter of saving it, and we got back to the main screen. That’s all folks!

Cluster 96